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جمل انجليزي عن comparative

جمل انجليزي عن comparative




جمل انجليزي عن comparative


Comparison and metaphor
Comparison and metaphor are figures of speech that are often called the figures of resemblance.
In this excerpt from "Jacques and the Beanstalk", the snoring of the sleeper looks like the sound of a saw cutting a log.
We can then speak of comparison or metaphor.
The comparison
A comparison is constructed according to a very simple model: we compare two things that have a common point, that is, a similarity. This comparison is made using a comparison word:
This child is white as a pill of aspirin.
In this example, the child is compared to an aspirin pill. This comparison is made possible because both have a resemblance. They are white.
The child is the compared. It is compared to the aspirin seal, which is called the comparing. Finally, the comparison is expressed using the word as the so-called comparison tool (but there are others: similar to, similar to, look like, such as ...).
Finally, as we have said, the comparison comes from a point in common between the child and the stamp, the whiteness in our example. In this case, we will talk about reasoned comparison. If this common point is not expressed, we will speak of an unmotivated comparison:
It's like a stamp of aspirin.
Finally, we can observe that a comparison is all the more beautiful because it is unexpected:
The earth is blue as an orange.
Beautiful as the chance meeting on a dissection table of a sewing machine and an umbrella.
Each time, it seems difficult to explain the comparison made between the compared and the comparing, that is to say between the earth and orange on the one hand, the sewing machine and the umbrella on the other hand . This obviously does not mean that no rapprochement is possible ...
Poetry uses comparison, but also metaphor. The poet Stéphane Mallarme flattered himself that he had banished the word as his vocabulary.
The Metaphore
A metaphor can be defined as a comparison from which the word would have been removed as (or any other word of comparison).
Let's take another example of comparison:
This old man advances like a turtle.
In this comparison, the old man is compared to a turtle. The common point is certainly not expressed, but we guess. This is the slowness that the verb advances suggests. Finally, we will notice the comparison tool such.
If we consider that the metaphor is an amputated comparison of its comparison tool, we will obtain the following sentence:
This old man is a turtle.
In this metaphor, only the compared (the old man) and the comparator (a turtle) remain. We have definitively lost the implicit expression of the common point by removing the verb advance. So we no longer establish a relationship of resemblance between the compared and the comparing, but an identification report: the old man is a turtle.

We therefore retain the compared and comparing in the example above. This is called the metaphor in praesentia, that is, the compared is present. However, if we keep only the comparing, the metaphor is saidin absentia: What a turtle! In this last example, it will be understood that one speaks always (in polite terms, it is true) of the old man and not of a reptile on all fours locked in a carapace! Finally, we come to an old definition of metaphor: this figure consists of replacing one word (old man) with another (turtle).

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إذا أعجبك محتوى مدونتنا نتمنى البقاء على تواصل دائم ، فقط قم بإدخال بريدك الإلكتروني للإشتراك في بريد المدونة السريع ليصلك جديد المدونة أولاً بأول ، كما يمكنك إرسال رساله بالضغط على الزر المجاور ...

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