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تعبير انجليزي عن coincidence

تعبير انجليزي عن coincidence




تعبير انجليزي عن coincidence

Coincidences are part of life
Coincidences are ubiquitous events in our lives. Some seem insignificant, like distributing a poker flush, but others really attract our attention: thinking of a friend who has not been seen for several years and who calls you right now or shortly after. What these events have in common is that desire to always want to explain them, as if there was a special reason that they happened as they happened. These attempts at explanations can range from the lucky rabbit's paw to gri-gri, to the horoscope or to the gift of shared telepathy with a friend. But what people do not know, or simply do not want to know (as it is true that believing in irrational or supernatural elements reassures sometimes), is that the coincidences, as remarkable as they sometimes seem, are in no way surprising. In fact, most are just facts, events without any meaning.
There are many reasons why people misinterpret coincidences. Human beings have a relatively limited understanding and knowledge of probabilities, we believe that each effect must have an intentional cause, we do not understand the laws relating to large numbers, and succumb easily to selective memory and subjective validation: this tend to remember positive correlations and forget about the greater number of cases where nothing happens to significant.
Probabilities are not really popular when you go to high school. This is a shame because a good mastery gives you the means to fully appreciate and understand the meaning, or lack of meaning, of most everyday events. A misunderstanding of probabilities and statistics, common in our societies, makes people more easily surprised and amazed at what they should be when faced with coincidences, hence the easy and quick jump to the metaphysical explanation.
For example, how lucky are two people with the same date of birth to be in a 23-person room? Most people will answer that it must be close to 1 in 30 or even less. Surprisingly, this "chance" is only 1 in 2 (the probability is 50%) and can be calculated very simply: (364x363x362 ... x343) / 36522 The fact that most people are ignorant, pushes them to quickly conclude that their experience was so unlikely that perhaps a supernatural force or a very special bond brought them together. In a larger group, this probability rises very quickly. It is 7/10 for a group of 40 people and for a group of 100 people, there are 3 million chances against one that two people have the same date of birth.
Most people, especially on a trip, are very surprised when they discover having a mutual friend with a stranger. Sociologists have shown that two individuals at random know (in the broadest sense) an average of 1000 people each, which gives, for a population of 50 million inhabitants, 1 chance in 50,000 so that they know each other. The probability that these two people have a common friend increases sharply to 1 in 50, and the probability of being connected by a chain of two is greater than 99 out of 100. In other words, if Durand and Dubois are two people chosen at random, it is almost certain that Durand will know someone who knows someone Dubois knows!

The real meaning of bizarre coincidences can be understood and explained by what is called the law of very large numbers. This statistical law establishes that with a sufficiently large sample, even the most improbable becomes probable, and thus becomes "supernatural". An example that the case of this woman from New Jersey who, a few years ago, had won 2 times in the lottery in 4 months. The newspapers reporting the case explained that there was a 1 in 1.7x1018 chance of this happening. Technically, this is correct, but it is misleading because it is based on a much too narrow perspective. The odds for a given person to win 2 draws with 2 tickets purchased is actually 1 in 1018, but the odds for someone to win among the millions of people playing is only 1 in 30. This is the background of the law on very large numbers. Unusual events become highly probable when enough individuals are involved. This lifts the scape of mystery surrounding certain phenomena and leads simply to scientific reflection.

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إذا أعجبك محتوى مدونتنا نتمنى البقاء على تواصل دائم ، فقط قم بإدخال بريدك الإلكتروني للإشتراك في بريد المدونة السريع ليصلك جديد المدونة أولاً بأول ، كما يمكنك إرسال رساله بالضغط على الزر المجاور ...

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