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موضوع عن ترشيد الماء بالانجليزي

موضوع عن ترشيد الماء بالانجليزي


Water Administration and Management: A Matter of Justice and Accountability

Mismanagement of water is an important factor contributing to the main water issues currently. Good management is perhaps the main condition for solving the problems of access to drinking water and basic sanitation. The problems and challenges must be taken into account by all: national governments, international organizations, the private sector and local communities. Greater attention must be given to coordination and cooperation between these actors at all levels. It must be emphasized that, at present, there is no global organization to coordinate and manage water and related issues within the community of nations.

An essential element of good management is participation and ownership in the community. Marginalized groups within the community need to be considered for solutions tailored to their needs. Traditional knowledge can be vital for planning water resources. More technological solutions can sometimes ignore local knowledge about the terrain and climate and, more importantly, the human factor. Respect for the principle of subsidiarity should therefore be part of any water management policy.

Management decisions affecting the distribution of water must also meet the criterion of fairness. The human right to access safe drinking water and basic sanitation must be promoted in such a way that existing inequalities are reduced to the benefit of greater welfare for the most disadvantaged .

Partnerships between the public and private sectors can play an important role in access to drinking water, provided that the various stakeholders work towards a common goal: to guarantee access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation for all. This does not reduce the primary role of the State in promoting the right to access to drinking water and basic sanitation. Linkages between development strategies and issues related to distribution, procurement, participation, etc. Water resources need to be clearly understood by policy makers as their decisions have hidden implications for people living in poverty.

There are specific ethical issues related to the decision-making process for water management. Perhaps the most controversial and controversial issue is the price of water. At present, people living in poverty often pay much more for access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation than those who live in conditions of financial security. The price paid by the poor is not limited to the financial cost. They often pay much more in terms of physical effort and health.


Good natural resource management clearly goes hand in hand with the requirement that users pay the true price of services. It has been proven that when water is subsidized, it tends to be wasted. However, if there is agreement that access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation is fundamental to alleviating poverty, then drinking water and basic sanitation can not be considered a commodity among so many others. Pope John Paul II recalled that there are important human needs that escape the logic of the market and that water is precisely one of them. It can not be used solely as an instrument of profit because it is essential to the survival of the human person and can not be turned into a property reserved for the sole benefit of those who can afford to pay for it.

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إذا أعجبك محتوى مدونتنا نتمنى البقاء على تواصل دائم ، فقط قم بإدخال بريدك الإلكتروني للإشتراك في بريد المدونة السريع ليصلك جديد المدونة أولاً بأول ، كما يمكنك إرسال رساله بالضغط على الزر المجاور ...

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مواضيع بالعربية و الانجليزية topics

2016