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موضوع عن السفر بالانجليزي طويل


موضوع عن السفر بالانجليزي طويل


Long journeys by car: tips for a safe trip

Extended weekends and school holidays are periods of high traffic on the roads. For long car journeys to remain safe and serene journeys, focus on some practical tips!

89% of parents admit having already behaved in a dangerous way while driving with their children (Attitude Prevention study). If parents are more virtuous driving during the holidays, take the road in peak periods can not improvise.

Prepare your route before departure
Anticipate your car journey
identify his route and if necessary program it in his GPS;
check the weather and delay departure in case of heavy rain or thunderstorms;
inquire about the traffic situation to adapt to the conditions, such as for example in the event of heavy traffic jams from a day later, cut the route in half or even take routes bis;
do not set an imperative arrival schedule.
Journey by car: the hours to avoid!
Between 1pm and 4pm and between 2am and 5am, the human body is "programmed" to sleep. Suitable for drowsy driving, these periods should be avoided to drive.
To avoid too, the departure precipitated after a day of work without enough rest. After 17 hours of active sleep, reflexes decrease as much as with 0.5 g of alcohol per liter of blood.
Check the condition of the vehicle
Vehicle maintenance: the visit to the garage
A thorough review of the vehicle is to be done by a professional. It will check the braking elements (brake pads, discs and brake fluid), steering, shock absorbers (responsible for handling and driving comfort) and engine tuning (carburation, ignition, cooling system .. .). It will also control the lights, the condition of the tires (including the spare wheel) and windshield wipers.

Several checks do not necessarily require the intervention of a professional but are essential before any long drive.

Liquid levels
the washer fluid;
oil;
the coolant;
the brake fluid (if necessary, consult a mechanic).
Tire pressure
Under-inflated tires are a real danger. The tires are inflated, preferably cold and the car empty, at the pressures recommended by the manufacturer. These instructions are often visible on the edge of the front left door or on the fuel door of the car. Attention tire pressure may differ if you ride loaded, or with a caravan, trailer, ...
If the tires are inflated when hot, add 200 to 300 grams to the recommended pressures.
Inflation stations are available to motorists in certain service stations.

Tire wear
The tread depth of a tire should not be less than 1.6 mm to ensure a good handling of the car and avoid the risk of aquaplaning in case of rain. When in doubt, do not hesitate to have the tires checked by a professional.

Lighting, signage and visibility
Dirty lights and headlights reduce lighting efficiency by up to 30%. Before departure, it is therefore useful to clean the windshield (exterior and interior) and all other glass surfaces (mirrors and lights) of the vehicle.
Windscreen wiper blades that are more than one year old or that no longer wrap the windshield perfectly in case of heavy rain are to be replaced.

Effectively storing luggage in the vehicle
Loading luggage is often a headache. For this reason, it is best, if vehicle safety allows, to perform this task the day before rather than the morning of departure.

3 tips for loading luggage without negatively impacting driving
Spread the heaviest luggage in the trunk, as low as possible to lower the center of gravity and improve handling.
Stow objects in the passenger compartment to prevent them from turning into projectiles that are dangerous for passengers in case of sudden braking.
Secure the luggage on the roof bars securely with straps. Make sure before departure and regularly at each stop that the straps are tight and they do not float in the wind.
Ensure safety in the vehicle
Mobile use: security rules
The use of a mobile phone requires some safety rules to respect:

The driver never answers the phone while driving.
The phone must be turned off, put on messaging or entrusted to a passenger before leaving.
In case of an accident or breakdown, stop in a safe place before contacting the emergency services or ask a passenger to do so. In case of emergency, dial 112 (European number).
See our article on the risks of the phone while driving
Drivers and passengers must fasten their seatbelts before departure and all the way by car. The use of a restraint system, approved and adapted to the child, is mandatory until age 10 (our advice on car seats to i-Size and isofix standards) or until he can use the seat belt (size between 1.35 m and 1.50 m).
It is also necessary to activate the "child safety" to lock the rear doors, Finally, if the animals of the family also make the trip, they must be attached or locked so as not to roam freely in the cockpit.

Driving on the highway
The highway is the preferred road network for the French to go on vacation and arrive more quickly to destination. Even if it is the safest of France, one must remain vigilant:

On the road, the speed at the wheel intervenes in 7 out of 10 accidents: learn to reduce your driving speed.
One-third of accidents on the highway are due to drowsy driving: learn to prevent drowsiness and identify signs of fatigue.
Respecting the safety distance saves lives, here are some tips to identify the safety interval to respect.
The mobile phone is responsible for 16% of highway fatalities. Decode the true to the false on the risks of the phone while driving.
Driving on motorways requires vigilance on the basic safety rules: how to prevent the risks of highway driving?
Do not neglect breaks of 15-20 minutes every 2 hours!
Preparing your trip is essential on the roads during these periods of high traffic. To drive in the best conditions, anticipate your departure time with Bison Futé and check Météo France forecasts: rain, thunderstorms, snow ... are all elements to take into account before taking the road.

Climatic conditions
Each season its climatic hazards that can become a risk on the road. Rain, fog, snow ... the car ride can not be improvised:

To avoid traffic peaks, many holidaymakers choose to ride at night, especially with children. To drive at night safely, the driver must adapt his behavior and take some extra precautions: see our article "Night driving".
Driving in the rain doubles the risk of an accident: adapt your driving in rainy weather.
Fog accidents are twice as bad as the average: adapt your driving in foggy weather.
Snow, freezing rain, freezing fog ... few drivers are used to driving on snow or ice. Check our driving precautions in winter.
Good habits to adopt in case of hot weather on the way:
Wear light, loose and clear clothing.
Drink plenty of water and cool off with a fogger.
Refresh the air in the car, via the air conditioning (no more than 4 to 5 ° C difference with the outside temperature) or the ventilation system of the car.
Make more frequent breaks.
Park in the shade if possible and install a sun visor to protect the dashboard.
Do not stay in the sun during the break and protect your head.
Do not leave anyone in the vehicle when it is stopped to avoid any risk of dehydration.
On the road holidays with children
Three rules are essential for long journeys with young children:

Plan occupations.
Stop regularly.
Enjoy the break to let off steam.


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إذا أعجبك محتوى مدونتنا نتمنى البقاء على تواصل دائم ، فقط قم بإدخال بريدك الإلكتروني للإشتراك في بريد المدونة السريع ليصلك جديد المدونة أولاً بأول ، كما يمكنك إرسال رساله بالضغط على الزر المجاور ...

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