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نتائج التدخين بالانجليزية

نتائج التدخين بالانجليزية
اضرار اهطار التدخين smoking


SMOKING CAUSE   CHRONIC DISEASES

Chronic diseases are not contagious, but they limit a person's daily activities throughout their life and they are likely to cause death. Smoking is a major risk factor for twenty-one chronic diseases. The majority of these diseases can be prevented by eliminating tobacco from life.

Brain

Stroke (stroke)
People who smoke are two to four times more likely to have a stroke than those who do not smoke. The risk varies according to the amount of cigarettes consumed. People exposed to second-hand smoke are also more likely to have a stroke. In Canada, almost 15% of deaths from heart disease and stroke are related to smoking.


eyes

Loss of sight
Tobacco smoke contains chemicals that reduce the blood circulation of the eyes and the amount of oxygen carried by the blood. This phenomenon can cause people who consume tobacco to lose their sight.

Cataract
Smokers are twice as likely to develop cataracts as people who do not smoke. Cataract is a darkening of the lens of the eye that causes blurred vision.

Macular degeneration
Tobacco use increases the risk of age-related macular degeneration by three. This is a deterioration of the layer of tissue located at the back of the eye (macula), which can cause smokers to lose their sight.


Stuffy

periodontitis
Smoking reduces blood flow to the gums, changes the bacteria in the mouth, and weakens the immune system. All of these consequences make smokers more vulnerable to the development of gum disease called periodontitis.


Respiratory system

Asthma
Smoking accelerates the deterioration of breathing. Asthma symptoms are more common and more severe in people who smoke or are exposed to second-hand smoke .


lungs

Pneumonia
Smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke increases the risk of developing pneumonia.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Smoking is responsible for 85% of cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This disease, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis, prevents people who suffer from it to breathe normally.

Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that are most commonly found in the lungs. People who smoke are more likely to get this disease and die than those who do not smoke. More than 20% of TB cases are due to smoking.


Heart

Aneurysm of the thoracic aorta
Smoking increases the risk of having aneurysm of the thoracic aorta.

Coronary disease
Tobacco use increases the likelihood of developing coronary artery disease. Smokers are two to three times more likely to have heart disease than nonsmokers.


arteries

Peripheral arterial disease
People who use tobacco are more at risk of developing peripheral artery disease, which is characterized by the blockage of an artery, than those who do not consume it. Smoking would even make the disease progress faster.

atherosclerosis
The use of tobacco thickens the blood, accelerates the heart rate and increases the blood pressure. All these phenomena prematurely damage the veins and arteries. For this reason, smokers are more likely to develop atherosclerosis than non-smokers.


Pancreas

Diabetes
The more a person smokes, the more likely they are to develop diabetes. The probability of developing type 2 diabetes is twice as high among smokers as among non-smokers. Also, smoking increases the risk of diabetes complications and decreases the body's sensitivity to insulin.


Reproductive system

Effects on the female genital tract
Smoking decreases the reserve of good eggs, which reduces the chances of pregnancy and speeds up menopause.

Erectile dysfunction
Tobacco clogs the blood vessels, which promotes thickening of the arteries of the penis and can cause smokers to suffer from erectile dysfunction. The risk of erection problems is between 30 and 70% higher for men who smoke than for those who do not smoke.

Ectopic or ectopic pregnancy
Smoking affects the transport of the embryo to the uterine cavity, which causes ectopic pregnancies. The more a woman smokes, the more the risk of ectopic pregnancy increases. Consuming more than 20 cigarettes a day increases the risk of having an ectopic pregnancy by a factor of four.

Birth malformation
Smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke during pregnancy increases the risk of having a fetus or newborn with a malformation, such as deformity of the skull (craniosynostosis), cleft palate, or cleft lip (cleft lip). -Hare).


Joints and bones

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
One-third of rheumatoid arthritis cases are due to smoking. In people genetically predisposed to rheumatoid arthritis, the risk of developing the disease is even greater: 55% of cases are attributed to smoking.

Femur neck fracture
The use of tobacco weakens the bones, which favors fractures of the femoral neck. One in eight hip fractures is caused by smoking.


Immune system

Immune deficiency

Smoking weakens the immune system. Smokers are therefore more likely to catch viruses, such as colds or flu, than non-smokers.

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